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an ancient port

The Phoenician city of Gebal was named Byblos by the Greeks, because it was through Gebal that Egyptian papyrus ( bublos in Greek) was imported into Greece. The present day city is now known by the Arabic name Jubayl or Jbeil.

Around 5000 years ago, Byblos Port was the most important timber shipping center in the eastern Mediterranean. It was used by the Phoenicians to ship Cedars of Lebanon and other wood to the Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt to be used in tomb construction and shipbuilding.

The cedars of Lebanon for the Second Temple of Jerusalem (Ezra 3:7) were shipped from Gebal and landed at Joppa and then taken East to Jerusalem as had been the cedar for Solomon's Temple (2 Chronicles 2:16).


The men of Gebal are known as Gebalim in the Bible as plurals are formed in Hebrew with "im" word endings. Alternative spellings include; Jubelum, Ghiblim , Giblim, and Gibelim.

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